Prevent unnecessary travel if conditions are too bad.

Buckle up, and ensure that kid restraints are secured tight. It is suggested to use cumbersome clothes and blankets on top of the child restraint harness, not beneath, to ensure harness restraints fit properly.

Travel at safe speeds in accordance to road conditions, and provide for plenty of travel time.

Increase safe stopping distance between vehicles.

Hire a charter bus for group travel.

Use additional precautions when driving around snowplows by maintaining at least five car-lengths behind plows.

If skidding, remain calm, ease foot off the gas, and turn the steering machine in the direction you want the front of the vehicle to go.

If vehicle has an anti-lock braking system (ABS), apply a steady company pressure to the brake pedal. Never pump ABS brakes.

Clear snowfall and ice from vehicle windows, bonnet, headlights, brake lights and directional signals.

Headlights should be turned on once it is snowing or sleeting.

Do not really use cruise control on snow/icy/wet roads. Conditions can change over every hill and around every curve. Be very aware of bridge decks and overpasses.

Equip vehicles with a scraper/brush, small spade, jumper cables, tow chain, as well as a bag of sand or cat litter for tire traction. Blanket(s), heavy boots, warm clothing and flashlights are also important, as are storing high-energy foods such as chocolate or energy bars.

Be sure cell phones are charged for long trips, and inform family of destination plans and schedule.

If stranded, stay in the vehicle.

Parents of teenager drivers should make sure new motorists experience snow and ice driving in a safe environment, such as an empty parking lot.